If you don’t want to be satisfied with plants from the garden center, you can sow your vegetables yourself. We explain here when the best time is and what to look out for.
What could taste better than vegetables from your own garden? More and more hobby gardeners are deciding to make this dream a reality. Unfortunately, especially with regard to vegetables, there is no guarantee that the end result will always be successful or that the harvest will be as rich as possible. If you want to look forward to a particularly rich yield, you should pay attention to the following tips.
The right timing is crucial
As with different types of flowers, it is also important to keep a certain time window when sowing vegetables. Eggplants, for example, take a long time (2 – 4 weeks) to develop into plants. Eggplants can or should therefore be sown in February – in the greenhouse, of course, and with sufficient light.
Tomatoes can also be sown as early as the end of February. But be careful, the seeds need a lot of light for successful germination. It is the same with peppers. If you want to harvest the delicious vegetables, sow them together with the tomatoes – at the end of February – in the greenhouse or in planters in the apartment.
Where should or may be sown?
With regard to the place of sowing, it is important to observe special specifics. Depending on how sensitive a vegetable is, it is sown either in a cold frame, outdoors or in a pot (note the label on the package). With the more sensitive vegetables, make sure, among other things, that the soil in the pot is adapted to the requirements and that you work with compost and peat-reduced potting soil, for example.
Very important: sowing should always take place on the basis of a nutrient-poor soil! Young plants are extremely sensitive to high nutrient levels!
Now it starts – the step-by-step instructions for sowing
In the first step, the sowing of the so-called “light germs” is now dealt with.
- Take a small pot and fill it almost to the top with soil.
- Press the earth lightly (!).
- Pour the soil and wait for it to dry a little. This way the seeds swell better in the next step.
- Spread the seeds on the earth.
- Mark the appropriate areas with the names of the plants.
- Put a thin layer of sand on top of the seeds.
- Lightly water the seeds again.
- If you have chosen light germinators, place the pots in a bright place. Those who compromise here run the risk of the plants becoming sick or not developing properly.
- Make sure that the soil is always kept moist even after cultivation.
Now it is said: “Wait!”. Do not prick the respective plants until the first pairs of leaves are visible.
Sowing vegetables under special conditions: dark and cold germs
If you have not decided on the said light germs, there are special conditions to be observed.
As the name suggests, dark germs only germinate in the dark. You can ensure this by applying a particularly thick layer of earth. Cold germs are characterized by the fact that they only germinate if they have been exposed to a cold phase before sowing. You can ensure this by sowing the seeds in autumn and outdoors.
So if you want to look forward to a rich vegetable harvest, you should not only pay attention to the right location, but also to the individual requirements of “your” vegetable type.