A privacy screen made of plants is of course the most beautiful way to keep prying eyes away from the balcony, terrace or garden. You can read about the options here.
Privacy protection plants offer a variety of options to protect yourself from unwanted glances and at the same time to beautify your interior and make it completely natural. Depending on the space and preferences, the spectrum ranges from climbing plants and hedge trees to mobile balcony and patio greenery in pots to tall shrubs and grasses or even fruit and berry trellises.
The best privacy protection plants at a glance
- Perennials: Patagonian Verbena, Coneflower, Candelabra Speedwell
- Grasses: switchgrass, tall pipe grass, Chinese reed
- Climbing plants: Clematis, climbing roses, honeysuckle, black-eyed Susan
- Espalier fruit: columnar apple, columnar pear, raspberry trellis
- Hedge plants: yew, arborvitae (thuja), privet
What are the characteristics of privacy protection plants?
Privacy protection plants not only form a visual barrier to the outside and thus create privacy – after all, any privacy protection could do that. Plants enliven the garden space. The green solution combines the beautiful with the useful. Thanks to their leafy green, privacy screens produce oxygen. They bind carbon dioxide, filter dust and increase humidity. Dense hedges keep out wind and weather. Climbing plants and mobile patio greening compensate for temperature extremes in hot summers. Plants that are used as privacy screens thus improve the microclimate in the garden. At the same time, they create a pleasant atmosphere.
Design a privacy screen with plants
Similar to wall paint, wallpaper or homely fabrics, plants offer an abundance of leaf colors and textures. This way, privacy protection plants create a feeling of comfort in the outside area. Depending on the choice of plants, you will experience the change of the seasons particularly intensely. If you decide on deciduous trees, the “change of scenery” begins with the sprouting of the leaves and by no means ends with the splendid autumn colors – after the leaves fall, fruit decorations often appear.
The lively garden setting is also an important habitat for animals and offers space for biodiversity. Privacy protection plants with flowers rich in pollen and nectar attract insects. The bird world benefits from the nesting opportunities in opaque hedges and the feeding grounds. If you want to benefit yourself and, for example, harvest fruit, fruit and berry trellises are ideal as privacy screens. In addition to the benefits, you expand the adventure world in your garden with the plants. If you have access to head-high ornamental grasses or shrubby high-flyers, you can watch the seasonal dynamics grow. Perspectives change. This brings a form of variety to the garden that could not be achieved with simple or structural privacy protection elements.
If you are looking for constant privacy protection, evergreen hedges are the right choice. Above all, topiary trees can be used like structures. The straight lines emphasize formal design. It gets romantic with abundantly blooming and fragrant climbing plants. The plant-based privacy screen not only shapes the style, it also changes the effect of the room. Ask yourself in advance how much transparency you want. Is it just a matter of separating garden spaces from one another or, for example, do you want to shield the terrace area of a terraced house garden from the neighbor. Depending on the situation, different privacy protection plants are also possible.
Which climbing plants are suitable as privacy screens?
Climbing roses and clematis are among the most popular tendrils when it comes to making structural structures more friendly. An existing wall, an unadorned screen element or a border fence are ideal for greening. Remember that the floral wonders prefer a sunny location. For example, the honeysuckle (Lonicera caprifolium, Lonicera x heckrotii, Lonicera x tellmaniana) likes partial shade. The evergreen species (Lonicera henryi) still grows in deep shade. On a pergola you can combine evergreen honeysuckle with shade-friendly ivy (Hedera helix). Ivy climbs up walls and trees with adhesive roots. If you want to beautify a chain link fence, braid the shoots. You can create real textured wallpapers if you mix varieties with yellow or white colored leaves with the green leaves. The more variegated the leaves are, the sunnier they want to be.
The winter-green climbing spindle bushes (Euonymus fortunei) can be used in the same way. Climbing spindle bushes and ivy are already available as prefabricated elements by the meter. The entrenched fence element has a kind of plant box at the bottom that you dig in. For hops you only have to stretch a few ropes to hide a part of the garden behind a decorative curtain during the season. Solutions for a summer can be found with annual climbing plants (see potted plants on the balcony and terrace).
Picture gallery: Recommended privacy protection plants
Hedge plants against prying eyes
The yew (Taxus baccata) and the arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis, Thuja plicata) offer an opaque, evergreen privacy screen. You can keep them in shape by cutting. If the dark green yew tree with its needle texture is too gloomy for you, you will find alternatives among the evergreen deciduous trees. The new varieties of cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) with large, lush green leaves exude an almost Mediterranean flair. We recommend the ‘Smaragd Fire’ variety. The Portuguese cherry laurel (Prunus lusitanica) is becoming increasingly popular. With more robust cultivars such as ‘Angustifolia’ and ‘Brenelia’, the lack of frost resistance is no longer an issue. If the privacy hedge is to grow up quickly, privet is in demand. If you want a bit more colorful, you can try it in mild winter regions with the common medlar (Photinia x fraseri ‘Red Robin’).
Among the deciduous deciduous trees, beech (Fagus sylvatica) and hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) are among the most reliable privacy hedge plants. Hornbeams are drawn on privacy screens to save space. The French maple (Acer monspessulanum) is still little known. It is similar to the field maple (Acer campestre) and is traded as a wood of the future that is particularly resistant to climate change.
High perennials as a privacy screen
Tall perennials look elegant. In their airiest version, they even sway in the wind. The more than man-high Patagonian verbena (Verbena bonariensis) is such a representative. If lines of sight or distinctive waypoints are to be more veiled, there are a number of emerging perennials of distinctive shape: Meadow rue ‘Elin’ (Thalictrum hybrid) grows one and a half to two meters in height. The closely related Chinese meadow rue (Thalictrum delavayi) can also be used as a veil plant between bushes in the light shade.
Perennial sunflowers are ideal for sunny locations. Giant and willow-leaved sunflowers (Helianthus giganteus and salicifolius) reach heights of between two and three meters. Also with yellow flowers, high sun hats (Rudbeckia laciniata ‘Goldball’ and R. nitida) create cheerful privacy screens on the garden fence. Giant perennials have become popular thanks to prairie gardens, which, like Arkansas mock aster (Vernonia crinita) or candelabra speedwell (Veronicastrum), are suitable for plant screens. One of the most impressive and at the same time easiest to care for is the water dost (Eupatorium fistulosum). It stands ideally at the edges of a pond, but can also screen a perennial bed or delimit a planting island. The bush knotweed ‘Johanniswolke’ (Aconogonon speciosus) fulfills the same function. Because of its beautiful winter structure, the man-high and equally wide giant shrub is only cut back in spring. Unlike invasive knotweed species, it does not grow rampant. In contrast, the feather poppy (Macleaya microcarpa) has runners.
The currently most popular privacy screen in the perennial area comes from the realm of grasses. If you only want to cover up an area, tall pipe grasses (Molinia arundinacea) are sufficient. They form filigree flower panicles over their dense tufts of leaves. Also among the switchgrass, with newer varieties such as ‘Dallas Blues’ or ‘Northwind’ (Panicum virgatum), one can find stable varieties that can grow up to 180 centimeters high. The Chinese reed range (Miscanthus sinensis) offers the best privacy protection grasses.
Bamboo privacy screen
The great asset of bamboo is its consistently evergreen leaves. It shields all year round without looking massive. The shiny foliage has a beautiful play of light and shadow. His rustling of grass covers up background noise.
Balcony and terrace: Privacy screen with potted plants
Large planters for balconies and terraces are already available today with an integrated climbing aid. They are ideal for annual climbing plants such as black-eyed Susan (Thunbergia elata) or star and morning glory (Ipomea lobata and tricolor). With sweet peas (Lathyrus odoratus) there is also a scent. But be careful: sweet peas do not like places that are too hot. With the emergence of urban gardens on roof terraces, the cultivation of privacy protection plants with a useful character has become fashionable. In addition to all sorts of mini vegetables that you can grow on the trellis like pumpkins, courgettes or wild tomatoes, there are even heavenly climbers such as firebeans in the repertoire. Of course, you can also group any taller potted plant from oleander to lemon tree as a privacy screen on your terrace or balcony.
Fruit and berry trellises as a privacy screen
Apple and pear are the most common fruit plants in trellis form. They are often used as room dividers. With the help of a wire frame, you can also pull plums, peaches, apricots, sweet and sour cherries on the trellis. However, the fruit trees that need more warmth are usually better placed against a wall. A raspberry trellis, on the other hand, can be set up in a 50 centimeter wide strip of bed in a sheltered position as an “edible” privacy screen.